The crosstie industry began to employ pressure treating as a means of prolonging tie life beginning in the mid s. Please note that this report is subject to become subscription based and not available to the general public. Fencing Tools Another aspect of the wire hobby is the collecting of fencing tools. Wherever treated ties come into use, date nails are not far behind. They drive them into poles, trees, fenceposts, ties, or whatever timber is available. Either you can pull them yourself, or you can get them from other collectors by buying or trading. Is there any information about worker exposure to creosote-treated ties? Your bid is the same as or more than the Buy It Now price.
Railroad Date nails
The Iron Age You're still the highest bidder! A 21 page booklet available fom the California State Railroad Museum store. See the Frequently Asked Questions above for info on cleaning and displaying nails. The Magazine of Albemarle County History
If you win a bid after I invoice you for the first item,I'll reset the second invoice to reflect combined shipping provided that the first item was not shipped.
What are the other approved treatments for hardwood ties? You can find additional information on topics such as the safe disposal of used crossties and special regulations under Environmental Literature. Where can I find more information and maybe a map of railroads in the US? Like his earlier Great Northern book, this book is devoted exclusively to one railroad, the Northern Pacific Railway - pages, half of them color. Southern California Edison used them from the teens up into the s..
As it turns out, a complete set of these nails from a certain time period or region can fetch a pretty decent price. It would be perfect for our wood stove. His nail factory made both hand-forged and cut nails.
Another method of starting a collection is purchasing many of the common wires. I sold them to a lady who had a gift shop in town for a penny each and she turned them around for a nickel to tourists. Please read the description carefully and ask questions if there is any uncertainty.
For the fastest help you can send an email to Dale RailroadCollectibles.
An example would be a Southern Pacific Railroad nail with the marking "01" stamped on the head of the nail. An Examination of American Blacksmithing. This was a common way to fasten door and gate hinges to prevent the nails from working loose. In fact, some railroads found that dated ties lasted longer than usual because the men took special care of them. I will mail your package within 2 business days of your cleared payment, weather permitting. When a rotted or mechanically damaged tie was removed, the date on the nail was noted.
The house is wood-framed with wood flooring and sub-flooring throughout. These solid-steel cut spikes drive well through planking and heavy timber, typically used for deck and bridge work. SPAB News 2 4: In Bay Springs Mill: Scientific American 82 Ideal for exterior applications, they are hot dipped in zinc to prevent rust. With the development of the split wood shingle, nails of about 1" long came into use.
For a good site on date nails from poles, go to Scott Weed's site: By the s every new tie carried one. No railroad put its name, initials or monogram on a date nail. Neither company was loyal to a single steel company, either. They needed some method of keeping track of the lives of ties, so like their European counterparts they decided to mark them.
The double-shoulder type is currently used.
Used date nails
This translates to an average life in track of between 33 and 42 years. Knous, Bill and Sue. How date nails were used Date nails were manufactured by steel companies on high speed machines, even in the early years. For these companies keeping track of only a few thousand ties was far more economical and accurate than tracking several million ties. Fortunately for them, there have been quite a few lazy utility workers over the last century or so.
New maps often label rail lines "Conrail", "Norfolk Southern", or other modern post-nail railroads.
Rail fastening system
I also find it interesting that the older nails give an idea of the growth of some areas. Workers who do come into contact with creosote treated crossties are required to wear long sleeve shirts and gloves to protect them from exposure. Never miss a story from The Bold Italic, when you sign up for Medium. In refractory hard to treat species, many railroads use borates in a dual treatment process to provide protection to the heartwood.
A Collector's Guide to Railroad Glassware.
As it turns out, a complete set of these nails from a certain time period or region can fetch a pretty decent price.
In the first decade of the 20th century railroads which used date nails drove them into every treated tie. Compared on that basis, cut nails win the day easily. The nail heads can be round, square, diamond, pentagon as well as other more rare shapes. In modern construction, more and more nail-driving is being done with air-operated nail guns. Info courtesy of Blacksmiths Guild of the Potomac newsletter.
I have left them as they came to me, most right out of the ties. As people first used hewn beams, timbers, planks, and whole logs to build with, the early hand-made nails were spikes. The house was renovated in , and carpenters Jim and Hank Carder saved the nails and made the above display. Frequently asked questions Did the nails hold anything down?
Railroad Antiques, Collectibles & Memorabilia
Tar and turpentine were used. I can also send you additional pictures if you give me your e mail address. He paused to look at a telephone pole, pointing out a nail with the number 57 stamped on the head. First invented in the mid s, the steam engine was a critical part of the innovation process.
It was in that major railroads begain using nails to date ties with nails:
First tests of Kyanized ties in the U. The Transcontinental Railroad was finished in In refractory hard to treat species, many railroads use borates in a dual treatment process to provide protection to the heartwood. Brass tags identified ties in two Santa Fe test sections. Email and ebay are also excellent methods of obtaining more wire. Gov't Printing Office, Mississippi State University has conducted studies on dual treatment with CuN which you can find here.
How far does creosote penetrate?
Antique Square Cut Nails
Often the shape of the nail head has some significance. The Southern Pacific used code nails 0 through 9 to number bridge pilings. Use for rough sawn siding, face-nailing flooring, paneling, countertops, or cabinet work. Visits since April 2, What is a date nail?
With the cutter set at an angle, every nail was sheared off to a taper.
They needed some method of keeping track of the lives of ties, so like their European counterparts, they decided to mark them. Beware of single digit nails: Please let me know as soon as you realize that you are bidding on another item of mine after you have won one and hang on to first item until the other auction has ended. Acquiring date nails There are two ways to get date nails: He paused to look at a telephone pole, pointing out a nail with the number 57 stamped on the head.
The Union Pacific and the treatment company Southern Wood Piedmont drove nails into the ends of overlength ties at switches to indicate tie length. I do not list rate for combining because I sell a wide selection of items, from little fossils to larger car parts. At nail shows you can buy nice condition nails many of them rather scarce for a nickel apiece. For all you Railroad buffs and collectors they would make an interesting addition to your collections of railroad memorabilia.
This solution shall have a specific gravity of 1. You're the first bidder. Some lots are misidentified. Please read the description carefully and ask questions if there is any uncertainty.
Railroad History; There's Something About A Train
The square nails in the above photograph are made in this manner. Wire nails are round. To properly understand the history of date nails, you have to become familiar with the history of railroad tie preservation. See Acquiring date nails below.
Thank you for your interest in scrap hardwood.
Wire nails are round. Association for the Preservation of Technology Bulletin 27 I will be listing other years as well to help you fill your collection. What are the other materials used for ties? The Description of Nail Sizes. Society for Historical Archaeology Newsletter 7 1:
Western Railroad Discussion > Santa Fe "Date Nails" - What ......
Railroad date code nails were first used in the US in Journal of the Society for Architectural Historians 30 1: The railroad name is NOT on the nail. For fastening flat-bottomed rails, an upper-lipped washer can be used to grip the edge of the rail. Some of these include barbless ribbon wire, ornamental fence wire, punch strap metal wire, planter wire, and just about anything else an ingenious farmer or rancher could come up with.
Testing Machine at Waterton Arsenal, Massachusetts, , pp.
Visser, published by the University Press of New England.
I will be listing other years as well to help you fill your collection. Some blacksmiths made only nails and they were called "Nailers. The nails are in their original 'found' state complete with grime and rust. Armed with tools for pulling nails they walk the forests, byroads, and rails. Box Standard Nails Rooted in age-old tradition, our wide array of period restoration nails are cut much the same way they were years ago.
I can also send you additional pictures if you give me your e mail address.